Conceptual Framework of Education

Introduction: Educational Technology has emerged as a new discipline in the field of education. According to Sharma (1982), Educational Technology implies the use of all modern media, methods, materials, practices, and theories, principles for maximizing the learning by control of the environment, media and method. In a teacher-centered approach, the strategies are designed to provide the students with a highly flexible system of learning, which is geared to the individual’s life and learning styles. Education

Teaching styles have been undergoing various changes from time immemorial. One of those styles of teaching is e-teaching from e-content. This type of teaching brings innovative technology, removes the barrier of distance and time, and provides greater flexibility, allowing the learner to learn at his own place and pace. This also transforms ideas and information into innovation, flexible delivery and provides rapid development. In addition to that, it includes text, video, audio, animation, virtual environment, self-paced, hands-on information, etc.

1.2. Concept of Education:

Education is a process of cognitive cartography, mapping our experiences and finding a variety of reliable routes to optimal states when we find our self in non-optimal states. It is an important tool to shape human beings in the process of civilization. Humanness evolves through education. This means that education is not only a process of teaching and learning but also a social emancipation. In the words of Swami Vivekananda, “Education is manifestation of perfection already exist in man”. This goes to say that, the learner has some hidden potentiality which can be enhanced with the help of the technology module. In order to enhance the potentiality of the learner, the researcher has prepared a small piece of Multimedia courseware for teaching chemistry to improve the quality of education.

1.3 Definition:

The term education has been defined by different educationalists, philosophers, and thinkers in different ways. According to James L.Mursell, Education is the shaping of personality (1968). David W Johnson states that Education is the structuring of stations in ways that help students change, through learning in international and sometimes unintentional ways (1974). The Oxford Universal Dictionary defines education as the systematic instruction, schooling or training given to the young (and by extension, to adults) in preparation for the work of life. It is the whole course of scholastic instructions which a person, often qualified as classical, legal, medical and technical. Education is a human development effort that contributes to the cultural transformation of citizens.

According to Kishore Gandhi (1999) Education is the aggregate of all the processes by which a person develops abilities, attitudes and other forms of behaviour of positive value in the society in which he lives. The goal of education is to shape people. So that they develop integral, multifaceted personalities and are able to carry out fully their role by developing their intellectual physical and spiritual capacities and encouraging a more educated level of human feeling and aesthetic faster thus turning the ideological principle into personal connections and habits of everyday behaviour (TorstenHusen 1994).

Education is a reorganizing or reconstructing of experience. It has all the time an immediate end and so far as an activity is educative, it reaches that end, the direct transformation of the quality of experience. (W.G.Reeder, 2001)

1.4 Aims of Higher Education:

According to Kothari Commission (1964-66), the following are the aims of education:

(a) To increase productivity: This is the first aim of education in our democratic setup, and it is to increase production by leaps and bounds. This increased production should match with the increasing population.
(b) To develop social and national unity: National unity is greatly essential for national reconstruction. The feeling of national unity can be developed through education only. Hence, the aims of education should be to develop social and national unity.

(c) To consolidate democracy: Education is necessary for the success of democracy. So to consolidate democracy, education should be organized well to provide more and more effective experiences for children to inculcate in them the qualities of democratic living. Only then, national consciousness will stimulate national outlook, sense of national character and responsibility.

(d) To modernize the country: The fourth aim of education is to modernize the country. This could be done by learning various kinds of scientific knowledge, together with useful techniques of production. It has to be used intelligently to boost our production bringing about the desired change in our old ideologies.

(e) To develop social, moral and spiritual values: As far as this aim is concerned human values should be inculcated in the children to enable them to become human beings.

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