Communication is the process of orally delivering or expressing thoughts, notions, and feelings of reflecting and shaping experiences and sharing information chunks. Speaking is a complex process, which involves thinking and language, and social skills. Usually, the speaker combines words into sentences and paragraphs to use a language style that is appropriate for social situations. Speaking is development for the relationships between a speaker and her/his hearer. In addition to that, speaking is determining which logical psychological, linguistic, and physical rules that should be applied in a given communicative context. In speaking the student should learn some steps in order to make the speaking alone properly and understandable, these steps are: clearly and expressively speaking about their ideas and concerns. Adapt words and approaches according to varying situations and audiences from one to any conversations to formal large group setups. Interpreting and assessing various kinds of communication, including intonation, facial gestures, and body language that accompany speaking skill as well. Teaching English speaking is more demanding on the teachers than the teaching of any other language skill, because of this reason, the teacher gives up on their efforts to teach and concentrate on the lesson.Oral Communication

Meaning of Oral Communication.

Oral communication entails communication through the mouth and its inner organs. It includes individuals having conversations with each other, be it direct conversation or telephonic conversations. Presentations, speeches, discussions are all different forms of oral communications. Communicating orally is generally recommended when the communication matter is of temporary kind or where a direct interaction is needed. Face to face communication (meetings, conferences, lectures, interviews, etc.) is noteworthy so as to build trust and rapport.

This involves the use of verbal information with some non-verbal information, transmitted through the sound waves. And it is the production of signals and massages through the vocal or oral mechanism, guided at the auditory reaction system of one or more persons. Oral communication is the principal medium of transmitting information in the learning and teaching processes and it is based on words and the style of language. Usually, a language is composed of verbal symbols which meanings have been settled on by a group of people or community’s language that can be transmitted to convey a vast array of meaningful words and sentences. Dynamic human relation is made possible by languages, the basic meaning of which is customized and supplemented by the qualities of the vocal sound, and that is called pronunciation and enunciation.

Importance of Oral Communication

To compete well in the job market today, graduates must be equipped with the skills and knowledge required by the employers, a role typically entrusted to educators and teachers. So therefore it is very important that institutions understand the relative importance of specific knowledge that the employers place on different recruitment criteria when hiring the graduated students. Globalization has made it essential for graduates to be proficient in oral communication skills so that desired candidates can function effectively in the academic and professional setups. Consequently, oral communication skills courses and training sessions are included in undergraduate and postgraduate curriculums. In spite of the required, and the varied ways of including oral communication skills in the syllabus, there appears to be very little research available that provides a more specific understanding of the methods and approaches of teaching oral communication skills for these learners. Because, oral communication skills cover wide areas, that usually starts from formal presentations to participating in teams and different meetings.

Oral language has an important social function to play, it is an important way that we connect with other people, to build relationships, and share our thoughts and feelings. This social function is very basic fundamental to human existence and in itself is an important reason for developing oral language skills. However, in the context of education, it is well recorded and documented that oral language has an important role in the development of literacy skills. It is through talk in the first instance that oral vocabulary is built; the ability to process and produce complex sentences are first practiced through speaking and our skills in recounting, narrating, and persuading are first done through talk. Questions that involve lower-order and higher-order thinking are first tackled in the oral domain, long before they are applied at the level of reading comprehension. All of these skills are important in reading and writing to make meaning of the words on the page as we read, the way words are put together to form sentences and the way the sentences are put together in a text requires competency and meaningful with language that we are using. This develops first as oral language, which is often noted in curriculum documents through “speaking and listening”.

When most people discuss oral communication, they are referring to speeches and presentations. Oral communication has become more admired in regards to online communication channels, employees in many fields are expected to give oral presentations on the occasion. Many people suffer from anxiety related to giving or delivering speeches. However, oral communication also involves communicating with other employees and other administrative people. This type of communication is essential in modern offices. While offices are relying on e-mail and text communications more than ever before, these communication channels are not as quick and effective as oral discussions, and fostering communication skills can help employees to work more efficiently.

Focusing on oral communication can help employees gain a boundary. People make judgments about others giving a speech both consciously and subconsciously or simultaneously, and those who stand out are able to capture the attention of listeners. While many believe that great speakers have a capability for it, but the fact is that many renowned speakers have admitted to practicing extensively and studying other famous speakers.

Oral communication usually takes the form of a speech. Speech may be either formal or informal. Informal speech is made during day-to-day life. For instance, parents speak to children and vice versa; friends and relatives communicate, psychological businessmen and customers communicate, teachers and students communicate with each other in the learning process. Formal speech, on the other hand, is made on different particular occasions. It may be a social occasion like festivals, political occasions like electioneering, or business meetings. Whatever may be the kind, oral speech must be delivered effectively and accurately. When it is ineffective the purpose is lost completely.

The entire effort taken by the speaker, to draft and deliver the speech becomes an enormous waste. A personnel manager has to speak to his inferiors to get work done through them in the prescribed boundary deadlines. A production manager has to instruct his workers about executing bout his work. A finance manager has to explain clearly the prospects of investment to investors. A marketing manager has to speak to his customers for promoting his products effectively and innovatively. A general manager has to correspond to all employees under various circumstances. The chairman has to address the shareholders in general body meetings. The importance of speech depends on how effectively it is able to achieve the prescribed objectives. Thus, speech or oral communication is regarded and considered to be a “Management Tool”.

Many people owe their success to their ability to give good presentations and to participate self-assuredly in discussions, despite the fact that both are initially major sources of anxiety for all most all of us. As with any behavior-based skills, there are those who are ‘gifted’, but this doesn’t mean that effective discussion techniques, charismatic public speaking, and presentation skills can’t be learned by practicing. Through learning the techniques we will also develop the ability to understand how the communication process works so that we can adjust our approach to suit our entire purpose. Clarity of oral communication and well-developed interpersonal skills, when interacting in a group and also one-to-one, are attributes that will make us more successful professionals, students, and all round communicators.


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